Introduction to Backpacking Clothing Essentials
Welcome to the roman trail blog post on the essentials of backpacking clothing! In this guide, inspired by experienced backpacker Dixie, we'll cover what you need to know about dressing for three-season backpacking, encompassing spring, summer, and fall adventures. Let’s dive into some general tips and detailed clothing choices for an enjoyable and safe backpacking experience.
The Importance of Layering and Material Choices
Layering: When preparing for a backpacking trip, especially in colder climates, the instinct might be to opt for a thick, bulky jacket. However, a more effective approach is layering thinner fabrics. This method offers versatility, as layers can be added or removed based on your body temperature changes throughout the day.
Material Selection: One critical tip is to avoid cotton. In the backpacking world, it's commonly said that "cotton kills." Why? Because cotton retains moisture, is a poor insulator, and dries slowly, increasing the risk of hypothermia in cold conditions. Instead, choose synthetic materials like polyester and nylon, or wool. Synthetics are known for their light weight, durability, quick drying properties, and moisture-wicking ability, although they might retain odors more than wool. Merino wool, on the other hand, is itch-free, insulates well when wet, dries faster than cotton, and is odor-resistant, though it doesn’t dry as quickly as synthetics.
Clothing Based on Weather Conditions and Terrain
Consider the specific conditions of your trail – whether you’ll be facing strong winds, intense sun, cooler high elevations, dense brush, or insect-heavy areas. These factors significantly influence your clothing choices.
Undergarments and Specialty Clothing
Underwear: For backpacking, a practical approach is to carry two pairs of underwear, preferably synthetic, for easy rotation and drying. Brands like Exoficio are recommended for their odor resistance, quick drying, lightweight, and breathable properties. Some backpackers choose to go without underwear to prevent chafing – a personal choice that varies among individuals.
Bras: For women, synthetic sports bras that provide support and comfort are essential. Padding can be a personal preference and doesn’t necessarily mean discomfort from sweat accumulation. A comfortable sports bra in daily life is likely suitable for the trail.
Socks: Carry a couple of pairs for hiking and a thick pair for sleeping, especially in colder weather. Socks designated solely for sleeping can significantly boost comfort.
Base Layers for Sleeping and Hiking
Base layers are crucial for cooler temperatures, particularly at night. Opt for wool or synthetic materials, with wool being more comfortable for sleeping due to its comfort and warmth, despite its slower drying time compared to synthetics. Brands like Smartwool, though pricier, are excellent for base layers.
Upper Body Wear: Hiking Shirts
Short Sleeve and Tank Tops: Suitable for trails with natural shade and protection, like the Appalachian Trail’s “green tunnel.”
Long Sleeve Shirts: Preferable for exposed, sunny, or buggy areas. Features like SPF protection, ventilation, and versatility (roll-up sleeves) are beneficial. A Columbia PFG shirt is an example of a versatile hiking shirt.
Lower Body Wear: Pants and Shorts
Shorts: Ideal for staying cool, but less protective against brush and bugs. Running or athletic shorts, like Patagonia’s Barely Baggy shorts, are common choices.
Convertible Pants: These offer flexibility for changing weather conditions and terrains, transforming easily from pants to shorts.
Traditional Hiking Pants: Offer the best protection against brush and bugs. Avoid jeans as they retain moisture and can lead to discomfort or even hypothermia.
Yoga Pants or Tights: A comfortable option, though less durable and potentially more prone to mosquito bites.
Hiking Skirts, Skorts, Dresses, or Kilts: A comfortable and well-ventilated alternative that some backpackers swear by.
Mid Layers: Jackets and Pullovers
Stay tuned for more insights on essential backpacking clothing, as we continue to explore Dixie’s comprehensive guide to gearing up for your next adventure.
Mid-Layers and Wind Shirts: Balancing Warmth and Weight
Fleece Pullovers: A fleece pullover offers durability and maintains insulation even when wet, making it a solid choice over puffies in certain conditions. Opting for a three-quarter zip and no pockets can save weight. Dixie added a lightweight fleece on her CDT thru-hike in colder conditions, emphasizing the importance of choosing the right mid-layer based on the weather.
Wind Shirts: These are typically water-resistant, not waterproof, and provide a protective layer against wind. While some might replace rain gear with a wind shirt in warmer conditions, it’s crucial for beginners to carry dedicated rain gear to avoid hypothermia risks.
Rain Gear: Essential for Protection and Warmth
Functionality: Rain gear serves multiple roles – protection from rain, wind, and bugs, and can act as an additional layer of warmth. Pit zips in rain jackets are useful for ventilation, and an adjustable hood offers extra protection. Rain pants with zippers allow easy wear over shoes in unexpected rainstorms.
Budget-Friendly Options: Frog Toggs offer a cost-effective solution for lightweight rain gear. They may not be the most durable or fashionable, but they’re a great option for well-maintained trails and budget-conscious backpackers.
High-End Options: For those seeking more features and durability, brands like Anti-Gravity Gear provide lightweight options with all the bells and whistles.
Alternative Rain Gear and Umbrellas
Ponchos and Rain Kilts: These alternatives offer ventilation and coverage, with ponchos also protecting your backpack.
Umbrellas: Particularly useful in cold, rainy weather, umbrellas help keep you drier and warmer by preventing rain from soaking your jacket.
Accessories for Comfort and Protection
Gloves: Sun gloves protect against UV rays in exposed areas, while possum down gloves offer a lightweight, quick-drying option for colder climates. Waterproof gloves are beneficial, but it’s essential to read reviews for their effectiveness.
Headwear: Wool beanies are excellent for warmth, and wide-brim hats protect from sun exposure. Buffs and bandanas are versatile for hair management, warmth, and face protection.
Final Thoughts on Backpacking Wardrobe
Essentials Checklist: For three-season backpacking, essential clothing includes a base layer (for sleeping and/or hiking), regular hiking clothes, a mid-layer, and rain gear. Additional items may be necessary for colder temperatures.
Avoiding Overpacking: You typically need only one outfit for hiking and one for sleeping, plus accessories or mid-layers for extra warmth. Embrace the “backpacking stink” – it's part of the experience!
Cost-Effective Shopping Tips: Check out REI’s garage sales, thrift stores, and Facebook forums for used backpacking gear to save on expenses.
Dixie wraps up the discussion by inviting readers to share their favorite backpacking clothing items and experiences. She highlights the value of features like thumb holes in long-sleeved shirts and base layers for added comfort. The emphasis is on starting somewhere and learning through experience, with a reminder to subscribe for more insightful backpacking tips.
Thank you for joining this comprehensive look into essential clothing for three-season backpacking. If you have questions or want to share your favorite gear, feel free to leave a comment below. Happy trails and safe backpacking adventures!